NRC Study Process

NAS and NRC reports are viewed as being valuable and credible because of the institution's reputation for providing independent, objective, and nonpartisan advice with high standards of scientific and technical quality. Checks and balances are applied at every step in the study process to protect the integrity of the reports and to maintain public confidence in them. Learn more about the study process.

Policy Studies and Reports

Most studies are conducted by the National Research Council (NRC), which is operated collaboratively by the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering. The five divisions of the NRC span the physical, biological and social sciences; technology; and medicine.  The Institute of Medicine also conducts studies and issues reports following the procedures established for NRC studies.

Each year, more than 6,000 experts—including members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine—volunteer their time to serve on hundreds of NRC and IOM study committees that examine some of society's most pressing issues. The reports that result from their efforts frequently form the basis of public policy for decades to come. In addition, members of standing committees and roundtables provide ongoing advice and guidance on a range of issues.

The following resources provide information about current studies and reports issued by the institution:

    • NRC/IOM Studies and Reports: Provides a wealth of information about activities across the institution, including information about newly released reports.
    • National Academies Press (NAP): Publisher for the NAS, NAE, IOM and NRC; offers print copies of reports and other material for sale and provides PDF files of reports free of charge.


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