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Women and children who participate in the WIC program have low or inadequate intakes of several key nutrients that could be addressed with changes to the program's food packages, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The report is the first in a two-phase study that provides a series of findings and conclusions and establishes a set of criteria and a framework that will guide the second phase of the study in which changes to the WIC food packages will be considered. The final report will also build upon the 2006 Institute of Medicine report WIC Food Packages: A Time for Change.
A new Academies report offers NASA a framework for prioritizing satellite observations and measurements of Earth based on their scientific value. NASA is operating in a constrained budgetary environment that necessitates making difficult choices among competing priorities for investment. The framework provides a partially quantitative and transparent approach to rating measurements’ relative importance.
The National Academy of Medicine today announced the names of 70 new members and 10 international members during its 45th annual meeting. Election to the NAM is considered one of the highest honors in the fields of health and medicine and recognizes individuals who have demonstrated outstanding professional achievement and commitment to service. Annual Meeting Webcast | Agenda
The National Academy of Medicine today presented the Gustav O. Lienhard Award to Robert L. Brent, distinguished professor and Louis and Bess Stein Professor of Pediatrics, Sidney Kimmel Medical College, Philadelphia, for his fundamental research on environmental risk factors for birth defects and for the compassionate counseling he has provided to women and families about these risks. Additionally, NAM awarded the 2015 Rhoda and Bernard Sarnat International Prize in Mental Health to Kay Jamison -- Dalio Family Professor in Mood Disorders and a professor of psychiatry at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore -- and Kenneth Kendler, Rachel Brown Banks Distinguished Professor of Psychiatry and director of the Virginia Institute for Psychiatric and Behavioral Genetics, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond. This was the first time two separate nominees are receiving the award. The Academy also announced five health professionals who were selected for the class of 2015 NAM Anniversary Fellows Lienhard News Release | Sarnat News Release | Fellows Program News Release | Annual Meeting Webcast | Agenda
The National Academy of Medicine honored members Alan Leshner, chief executive officer emeritus, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, D.C.; Jonathan M. Samet, distinguished professor and Flora L. Thornton Chair, department of preventive medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles; and Susan C. Scrimshaw, president, The Sage Colleges, Troy, N.Y., for their outstanding service. The three received medals during the NAM’s anniversary gala on Oct. 18 in Washington, D.C. News Release | Annual Meeting Webcast | Agenda
The 2015 NAM Annual Meeting will feature a daylong scientific program exploring the biology of aging; its public health and social impacts; and exciting innovations that could catalyze progress in extending the lifespan and foster healthy aging. Watch a live webcast beginning at 8 a.m. EDT on Oct. 19In addition, NAM President Victor J. Dzau will welcome the newest class of Academy members and present the 2015 Lienhard and Sarnat awards. This is the inaugural annual meeting as the National Academy of Medicine and the 45th year since the establishment of the Institute of Medicine.
Preserving the nation's nuclear weapon design skills is essential for sustaining a credible nuclear deterrent, understanding the status and direction of foreign nuclear weapons programs, and determining the best solutions to problems that arise during stockpile surveillance and maintenance. In the absence of nuclear explosion testing, the National Nuclear Security Administration should develop a series of design competitions that integrate the full end-to-end design process from novel design conception through production and non-nuclear testing of an engineered prototype, says a new congressionally mandated report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The report emphasizes that these competitions should be done with the clear understanding that the prototypes would not enter the nation's nuclear weapon stockpile.
Robert M. White – a member of the National Academy of Engineering and its president from 1983 to 1995 – has died at age 92. A meteorologist and alumnus of Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, White served as the first administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration from 1970 to 1977. Previously, he had led the U.S. Weather Bureau from 1963 to 1965, Environmental Science Services Administration from 1965 to 1970, and University Corporation for Atmospheric Research from 1980 to 1983. He also was the first chairman of the World Climate Conference in 1978.The recipient of numerous prestigious awards, such as the Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement and the Vannevar Bush Award, and honorary degrees, White more recently directed the Washington Advisory Group, a team of experienced administrators who advise on environment, energy, and climate change and the development and management of organizations and research programs. White was honored in 2014 by Congressman Frank R. Wolf for "groundbreaking contributions to the federal coordination of meteorology in the United States."
The 2015 Nobel in economic sciences was awarded to NAS member Angus Deaton "for his analysis of consumption, poverty, and welfare."
Although a U.S. Department of Transportation report on federal truck size and weight limits acknowledges gaps in addressing its legislative charge, a more comprehensive and useful response would have been possible, says a new letter report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The DOT's Comprehensive Truck Size & Weight Limits Study lacks a consistent and complete quantitative summary of the alternative configuration scenarios, and major categories of costs -- such as expected bridge structural costs, frequency of crashes, and infrastructure costs on certain roads -- are not estimated.